Periodontics is a dental specialty that treats diseases of the gum. It is possible to have periodontal disease with no warning signs. The end result of chronic gum disease is loss of bone and gum supporting teeth and therefore loss of teeth. Moreover, recent studies have shown that systemic diseases such as Stroke, Cardiovascular diseases, heart attacks and Diabetes are caused by periodontal diseases. These are reasons why regular dental checkup and periodontal examinations are important.
Gingival (Gum) graft
Gum grafts can help reduce gum recession and bone loss. Aside from a better smile, you may also notice reduced tooth sensitivity and improved dental health after a successful gum graft.
Bone grafts are often required after a tooth removal. This type of bone graft is called a “socket graft.” When a tooth is removed, there is a void in the jaw bone called an extraction socket. The socket naturally fills with bone over time. But exactly how much bone one ends up with is very unpredictable. In most cases the bone is inadequate to support a dental implant. That is why it is essential to do a socket bone graft after most extractions. There are several factors that determine the success of a socket graft.
A procedure called “sinus lift” or “sinus graft” is a commonly used method for growing bone in upper jaw (maxilla) in the area of the posterior premolar and molar teeth. The maxillary sinuses are hollow cavities that occupy the back of the upper jaw above the posterior teeth. Often the roots of the upper jaw penetrate into the maxillary sinus when they are present. When these teeth are lost or removed, the bone that is left behind is usually inadequate to support dental implants. The method that is used to grow bone (Sinus lift) in this area is very technique sensitive, and should only be attempted by highly trained dental surgeons.
Dental ridge augmentation is a bone grafting technique that refers to re-growing a damaged jaw bone so that it can accept a dental implant. In order to place a successful dental implant the jaw bone needs to be of adequate volume and consistency. If the tooth has been missing for a long time, or the bone was lost as a result of an infection or trauma, then the bone volume is usually inadequate for supporting a dental implant.
When a tooth breaks, or if there is severe decay, the remaining healthy tooth area is reduced and this can affect the potential for successful tooth restoration. With crown lengthening, more of the tooth’s surface will be exposed and this will help act as an anchor for future restorative work such as crowns, veneers, or more.
Also you have probably seen people with what you would consider short teeth, or a “gummy” smile. While it may appear that their teeth are shorter than normal, it’s often just a case of teeth being hidden behind the gums. By re-positioning the gum line, you can improve your smile and the contours of your face. Gum Surgery (pocket reduction)
Your bone and gum tissue should fit snugly around your teeth like a turtleneck around your neck. When you have periodontal disease, this supporting tissue and bone is destroyed, forming “pockets” around the teeth. Over time, these pockets become deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to live. As bacteria develop around the teeth, they can accumulate and advance under the gum tissue. These deep pockets collect even more bacteria, resulting in further bone and tissue loss. Eventually, if too much bone is lost, the teeth will need to be extracted.